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Castile and Leon coins catalog with values

Kingdom of Castile and Leon

dinero

Alfonso X (1252-1284)

coin Castile and Leon noven 1252-1284
noven (9 dinero) no date

silver
MONETA CASTELLE
ET LEGIONS
Value - 25-30 USD

 

coin Castile and Leon 1/2 maravedi 1252-1284
maravedi "black" (1/2 maravedi) no date

billon
ALF REX CASELL
ET LEGIONIS
Value - 20-25 USD

 

coin Castile and Leon dinero 1252-1284
dinero no date

billon
ALFONSVS REX CASTELLE ETLEGIONIS
Value - 10-15 USD

 

coin Castile and Leon obol 1252-1284
obol (1/2 dinero) no date

billon
LEGIONIS
CASTELLE
Value - 10-15 USD

 

 

Sancho IV (1284-1295)

coin Castile and Leon cornado noven 1284-1295
cornado noven (9 dinero) no date

billon
CASTELLE LE GIONIS
SANC II REX
Value - 30-35 USD

 

coin Castile and Leon cornado noven 1284-1295
cornado noven (9 dinero) no date

billon
CASTELLE LE GIONIS
SANC II REX
Value - 30-35 USD

 

coin Castile and Leon cornado seisen 1284-1295
cornado seisen (6 dinero) no date

billon
CASTELLE LEGION
SANCII REX
Value - 30-35 USD

 

italki WW

 

Ferdinand (Fernando) IV (1295-1312)

coin Castile and Leon pepion 1295-1312
pepion (dinero) no date

billon
F REX CASTELLE
ET LEGIONIS
Value - 15-20 USD

 

 

Alfonso XI (1312-1350)

coin Castile and Leon cornado noven 1312-1350
cornado noven (9 dinero) no date

billon
CASTELE LEGIONIS
ALFONSVS DO GRA R
Value - 25-30 USD

 

coin Castile and Leon cornado noven 1312-1350
cornado noven (9 dinero) no date

billon
CASTELE ET LEGIONIS
ALFONS REX
Value - 25-30 USD

 

coin Castile and Leon noven 1312-1350
noven (9 dinero) no date

billon
ALF REX CASTELLE
ET LEGIONIS
Value - 10-15 USD

 

 

Henry (Henrique) II Trastamara (1366-1367 and 1369-1379)

The struggle to enthrone the new dynasty of Trastamar is one of the most famous struggles in Spanish history, in no small part because it involved France and England.
Enrique (1334-1379) was the son of Alfonso XI by Leonora de Guzmán, and was given the earldom of Trastamar at birth. Bastards were not considered in any way inferior and certainly did not consider himself as such Enrique - the eldest of the surviving illegitimate sons of Alfonso. He was, incidentally, two years older than the legitimate heir, Pedro I.

Pedro I, having ascended the throne, had turned many against him, including the Pope (because he openly lived with his mistress, Maria Padilla) and France (because he equally openly neglected his lawful wife, Blanca of Bourbon). Enrique naturally became the head of the king's opponents, especially since he began his reign with the execution of Leonora Guzmán.
The war continued with mixed success until Enrique was joined by French mercenaries (rutiers), which Charles V cleverly alloyed to Spain from France, where they were engaged in robbery, and to command this gang sent the best commander of the time Dugeklen. Together the allies occupied several important cities, Pedro fled and on May 5, 1366 Enrique was proclaimed king.
Pedro soon returned with English troops led by Edward the Black Prince. England was much closer to Spain then than it is now. Edward was the Duke of Aquitaine (or Guienne), a part of France with the main city of Bordeaux. The English were interested not only in the money and territories Pedro had promised them, but also politically - the Hundred Years' War was going on, and France was supporting Henrique. In the end, the Black Prince won, Pedro became king again, but he did not give what he had promised to the English.
Edward returned to Guienne, having lost part of his army and his own health, and when Enrique returned with a new French army, there was no one to defend Pedro. Defeated in a decisive battle, he entered into negotiations with Dugueclain and during this meeting, was stabbed by Henrique in a duel (1369). The duel did not seem to be entirely fair - one of Trastamara's companions held Pedro's leg. But in general, Enrique looks much more sympathetic in this long confrontation. Actually, Pedro's nickname - "Cruel" also says something, given that in those days few people could boast of a good temper. Apparently, the former king stood out even against such a background ...

The King's defeat didn't end the war. Taking advantage of the devastation of Castile, neighbors - from Aragon and Portugal to the successor of the Black Prince John of Gaunt, tried to appropriate the lands left unattended. Gradually, with French help, these attempts were thwarted, but real peace came near the end of Enrique's reign.
The activity of Trastamara in peacetime does not give the right to call him an outstanding ruler, but everything that could be done in such a difficult time he did.
Trying to attract allies, the king generously gave away lands and privileges, for which he was nicknamed "Merciful" by his contemporaries, and his heirs were later repaid for this generosity.
Enrique has the dubious honor of organizing the first Jewish pogrom (Toledo, 1355).

 

 

coin Castile and Leon 3 maravedis 1369-1379
3 maravedis no date

billon
DOMINVS MIHI ADIVTOR ET EGO DI PISCAN INIMICOS MEOS / E N
ENRICVS REX CASTELLE E LEGIONIS
Value - 30-35 USD

 

coin Castile and Leon 1/2 maravedi 1369-1379
1/2 maravedi

billon
ENRICVS DEI GRACIA REX CASTE
ENRICVS DEI GRACIA REX CASTE / E N
Value - 30-35 USD

 

coin Castile and Leon cruzado 1369-1379
cruzado (10 dinero) no date

billon
ENRICVS REX CASTELLE / ENRI
ENRICVS REX LEGIONIS
Value - 15-20 USD

 

coin Castile and Leon cornado 1369-1379
cornado (9 dinero) no date

billon
CASTELE E LEGIONI
ENRICVS REX
Value - 15-20 USD

 

coin Castile and Leon noven 1369-1379
noven (9 dinero) no date

billon
ENRICVS REX C
ENRICVS REX C
Value - 15-20 USD

 

 

John (Juan) I (1379-1390)

coin Castile and Leon blanca 1379-1390
blanca (1/4 real) no date

silver
AGNVS DEI QVI TOLIS PEC
CATA MVNDI MISERERE NOBIS
Value - 35-45 USD

 

coin Castile and Leon cornado 1379-1390
cornado (9 dinero) no date

billon
IOHANIS REX
CASTELE E LEGIONI
Value - 30-40 USD

 

 

Maravedi=2 dinero; Blanca=4 dinero

Henry (Henrique) III (1390-1406)

coin Castile and Leon blanca 1390-1406
blanca no date

billon
ENRICVS DEI GRACIA REX
ENRICVS DEI GRACIA REX
Value - 20-25 USD

 

coin Castile and Leon blanca 1390-1406
blanca no date

billon
ENRICVS DEI GRACIA
ENRICVS DEI GRACIA RE
Value - 15-20 USD

 

 

John (Juan) II (1406-1454)

coin Castile and Leon blanca 1406-1454
blanca no date

billon
IOHANES DEI GRACIA REX
IOHANES DEI GRACIA REX CA
Value - 15-20 USD

 

coin Castile and Leon 1/2 blanca 1406-1454
cornado nuevo (1/2 blanca) no date

billon
IOHANES DEI GRACIA
IOHANES DEI GR
Value - 15-20 USD

 

coin Castile and Leon 1/2 blanca 1406-1454
cornado nuevo (1/2 blanca) no date

billon
IOHANESREX
IOHANES DEI GR
Value - 15-20 USD

 

 

Henry (Henrique) IV (1454-1474)

Enrique's nickname "El Impotente" sounds somewhat ambiguous, but, it simply means "The Impotent", in every sense. The version of male impotence was discussed mainly by opponents of the king, in order to remove his daughter Juana from the succession. In general, the option of impotence is also possible, given that only one child was born from two wives, and that the rumor attributed not to the king, and a courtier Beltran de la Cueva, why the girl was called Juana Beltraneha. The main reason for the unflattering nickname is that the king had to constantly yield to the claims of the nobility. In 1464 he was forced to recognize the heir of his younger brother Alfonso, instead of Juana, but it did not suit everyone. Part of the aristocrats gathered in Avila (1435) and proclaimed Alfonso king, while building a puppet of Enrique and depriving her of the signs of royal dignity - the so-called "farce in Avila. Another group of nobles supported Enrique.
The struggle continued with mixed success until 1468, when Alfonso died. The boy was 14 years old, the cause of death is not known.
The new direct heiress recognized Enrique's sister Isabella, and one of the conditions was the requirement for her not to marry without the consent of the king. This condition was broken in 1469, when Isabella secretly married Fernando, the heir to the Aragonese throne, as a result of which the king again declared Juana heir. The war resumed and continued until the death of Enrique (the cause of his death is also unknown).
The future Queen Isabella (the king's sister) considered it unseemly to pry into the king's private life and prudently held the view that Juana could not be considered a legitimate daughter because the royal marriage had not been specifically authorized by the pope, as it was supposed to be for close relatives.
After Enrique IV's death, the war continued for another five years - Juana was supported by her uncle and concurrent husband, King Alfonso V of Portugal. In the end, the marriage was annulled by the Pope because of the close kinship of the couple, and Juana spent the rest of her life in a convent.

 

 

coin Castile and Leon Quartillo 1454-1474
Quartillo (1/4 real=8,5 maravedi) no date

billon
ENRICVSCARTVSDEI GRA
ENRICVSDEI GRA REX C / IAEN
Value - 40-50 USD

 

coin Castile and Leon Quartillo 1454-1474
Quartillo (1/4 real=8,5 maravedi) no date

billon
ENRICVSCARTVSDEI GRACIA
ENRICVS REX CASTELLE
Value - 35-40 USD

 

 

coin Castile and Leon 1/2 Quartillo 1454-1474
1/2 quartillo no date

billon
ENRICVS DEI GRACIA REX
ENRICVS QVARTVS REX CAS
Value - 25-30 USD

 

 

coin Castile and Leon 2 maravedi 1454-1474
2 maravedi no date

billon
ENRICVS REX CASTELLI
ENRICVS CARTVS DEI G
Value - 40-50 USD

 

 

coin Castile and Leon dinero 1454-1474
dinero no date

billon
ENRICVS DEI GRA REX
XPS VINCIT XPS REG
Value - 10-15 USD

 

coin Castile and Leon dinero 1454-1474
dinero no date

billon
ENRICVS DEI GRACIA
XPS VINCIT XPS
Value - 10-15 USD

 

 

Isabella I and Ferdinand V (1479-1504)

The marriage of Isabella (1451-1504) and Ferdinand (1452-1516), heirs to the Castilian and Aragonese thrones, respectively, took place in 1469 in secret from King Enrique IV, which contravened a treaty with him and caused a war of succession.
The two young men saw each other shortly before the wedding, so love was out of the question, but they ruled in harmony. Ferdinand was initially assigned the role of Prince Consort (and under the treaty he was forbidden to leave Castile and generally do anything without the consent of his wife), but on Isabella's initiative a completely different agreement was concluded, according to which the spouses became equal rulers and any document had to be sealed with two signatures. After Isabella's death, Ferdinand ruled as regent until his own death.

Contrary to popular belief, the dynastic union of Castile and Aragon (Ferdinand became king of Aragon in 1479) did not mean the formation of the Spanish kingdom. Both Castile and Aragon had their own governments and continued to pursue completely independent policies, including even economic ones. Customs posts on the border of Castile and Aragon remained in place until 1700.

In the field of internal policy it should be noted the establishment of the Holy Hermandad - a kind of city militia, which was maintained at the expense of the state, but was obliged not only to protect the peace of the citizens, but also to serve as a militia for royal needs. This made it possible to curb both the self-rule of the grands, and the willfulness of urban communities.

The main political event of the reign was the end of the Reconquista. By this time there was only one Muslim state left on the territory of Spain - the Emirate of Granada. Formally, the Emirate was a vassal of the Castilian crown and even paid it a fairly decent tribute, but the feud still continued and border skirmishes were almost constant.
After the end of the War of Castilian Succession, the army was sent to Andalusia to avenge the sacking of the Castilian city of Saara de la Sierra (1481). At the same time in Granada the son of Emir Abdul-Hasan, Abu-Abdullah, or, as he was called by the Christians, Boabdil, rebelled against his father. Having unexpectedly gained such an ally, Ferdinand, who personally commanded the army, decided not to confine himself to the frontier war, but to try to capture the whole emirate.
Quite often this war is presented as a confrontation between Christians and Muslims. In fact, the two had been living side by side for several centuries and coexisted, in general, quite peacefully. In Granada there were almost more Christians than Muslims and vice versa, in Castile there were many non-Christians (especially in the south of the peninsula). Ferdinand was simply taking the path of least resistance - if he had had the opportunity to conquer not Muslim Granada, but, say, Christian Portugal, he would not have hesitated for a second. But Granada did seem a very tempting target. In addition to internecine warfare, the country was torn by petty feuds of the local nobility, fighting with each other and with the Emir.
Nevertheless, the conquest was slow and difficult. In 1485 Ronda was conquered, in 1487 Malaga. On January 2, 1492, after a siege of eight months, Granada fell.
The terms of surrender were rather lenient. The local population was not forced to change religion and was not disadvantaged in any way compared to Christians. But that was only at first. Further, the articles of the treaty were gradually canceled and the citizens of the newly created kingdom of Granada tasted "Catholic freedom".

Castile had a policy of oppressing foreigners. Isabella was a fanatical Catholic and considered the persecution of non-Christians a godly deed. In 1478, the "Tribunal of the Holy Office of the Inquisition" was established. Ferdinand and Isabella have the dubious honor of inventing the ghetto. The name came later, but it was they who ordered the creation of special closed urban neighborhoods for non-Christians.
After the capture of Granada, the "Edict of Alhambra" was issued, ordering all Jews to either be baptized or leave the kingdom. In 1502, the same fate befell the Moors.
But even baptism did not always eliminate persecution. Many Marranos (baptized Jews) and Morrisks (baptized Muslims) were accused of secretly following the faith of their ancestors and were imprisoned or executed.

On October 12, 1492, the expedition of Christopher Columbus (whose real name was Cristobal Colón), partly equipped at the expense of the Kingdom of Castile, landed on one of the Bahamas Islands. The conquest of the Americas had begun. But, during the reigns of Isabella and Ferdinand, the newly discovered territories did not yet generate any income.

The title of "Catholic Kings (Los Reyes Católicos) was given by the Pope to Ferdinand and Isabella not for religious merit or for expelling the Moors from Spain, as it may seem, but because Spain supported the Pope in his struggle in Italy - Ferdinand took from France the Papal Province and the Kingdom of Naples (which was considered a feud of the Pope).

 

 

Real=34 maravedi; Maravedi=2 blanca

coin Castile and Leon real 1479-1506
1 real no date

silver
FERNANDVS ET ELISABET
REX ET REGINA CASTELE GION AR
Value - 50-60 USD

 

coin Castile and Leon real 1479-1506
1 real no date

silver
FERNANDVS ET ELISABET
D G REX ET REGINA CASTELE GION AR
Value - 50-60 USD

 

 

coin Castile and Leon 1/2 real 1479-1506
1/2 real no date

silver
FERNANDVS ET ELISABET
REX ET REGINA CASTELE GION AR
Value - 50-60 USD

 

coin Castile and Leon 1/2 real 1479-1506
1/2 real no date

silver
FERNANDVS ET ELISABET D
REX ET REGINA CASTEL GION AR
Value - 50-60 USD

 

 

coin Castile and Leon 4 maravedil 1479-1506
4 maravedi no date

copper
FERDINAND ET ELISABET
REX ET REGINA CASTE
Value - 25-30 USD

 

coin Castile and Leon 4 maravedil 1479-1506
4 maravedi no date

copper
FERNANDVS ET ELISABET
D G REX ET REGINA CAST LEGIO
Value - 30-40 USD

 

 

coin Castile and Leon 2 maravedil 1479-1506
2 maravedi no date

copper
FERNANDVS ET ELISABET
D G REX ET REGINA CASTEL E LEG
Value - 15-20 USD

 

coin Castile and Leon 2 maravedil 1479-1506
2 maravedi no date

copper
FERNANDVS ET ELISABET
REX ET REGINA CAST LEGION
Value - 20-25 USD

 

coin Castile and Leon 2 maravedil 1479-1506
2 maravedi no date

copper
FERNANDVS ELISABET
REX ET REGINA CASTELE LE
Value - 15-20 USD

 

 

coin Castile and Leon 1 maravedil 1505-1535
1 maravedi no date

copper
FERNANDVS ET ELISABET
REX ET REGINA CASTEL GION
Value - 15-20 USD

 

 

coin Castile and Leon blanca 1479-1506
1 blanca no date

copper
Value - 10-15 USD

 

coin Castile and Leon blanca 1479-1506
1 blanca no date

copper
Value - 10-15 USD

 

 

 

Coins of other Spanish States

Aragon

Barcelona

Catalonia

Gerona

Majorca

Navarra

Urgell

Valencia

Vic

Viscaya

 

 

Coins of Castile and Leon in the catalog are presented divided by historical periods, indicating the main characteristics and differences by type.
Inside the sections, the coins are sorted by denomination - from large to small.
The cost of the coin is approximate and is indicated specifically for the coin shown in the picture. You can use this price to evaluate similar coins (of the same type), but remember that the value is affected by many factors, such as the state of preservation and the date of minting. The cost of coins of the same type can vary greatly depending on the number of surviving copies.
Coins of Castile and Leon presented on this page are not sold or bought - this is only a catalog.