Index » Help info and articles » History of Aragon Kings

Aragon Kings history

Kingdom of Aragon

County Aragon was formed on the ruins of the Charlemagne's empire along the banks of the eponymous river in the northeast of the Iberian Peninsula, with its capital in Zaragoza. It always depended on the kingdom of Pamplona (Navarre).
In 1035, after the death of King Pamplona Sancho III the Great (aka king of Aragon Sancho II), Aragon went to his illegitimate son Ramiro, who in the war with his brothers achieved independence and declared his possession of the kingdom.
In the XII century. Barcelona and Catalonia were annexed to Aragon, Valencia, Mallorca, Sicily and Sardinia in XIII, and Naples in XIV. So, in the marriage of Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile (1469), foreshadowing the unification of Spain, the king of Aragon was not at all a poor relative. Although, in fact, Aragon, has always been the least economically developed part of this monarchy.
The union with Castile was for Aragon a dynastic union (that is, the next kings of Spain were at the same time the kings of Aragon, but exclusively by inheritance from the previous Aragon kings).
The Kingdom was incorporated into Spain only in 1707.


Alfonso I the Battler (1104-1134)

Alfonso (1073-1134) succeeded his childless brother Pedro I.
After the death of Alfonso VI of Castile, the king of Aragon (and Navarre) claimed his power (he called himself the Emperor of all Spain). The reason for this, however, was much less than that of Alfonso VI king of Castile, Leon, Galicia and Portugal, that is, indeed, most of Christian Spain. On the other hand, the marriage with the heiress of the Castilian crown Urakka, and was concluded in order to possession of Alfonso VI be ruled by a man, and then they got the children from Urraka. Nothing came of this, from Urakka already had sons from her previous husband, who were supported by some of the nobility. And then in 1110, the pope dissolved the marriage, from the spouses were close relatives. Frankly, almost all the royal dynasties of the Pyrenees were related to each other, but the Pope did not always pay attention to it.
In general, it was not possible to become an emperor, and Alfonso concentrated on conquering land from the Moors, for which he was nicknamed the War master (El Batallador). In 1118 Zaragoza was taken from the Moors, the army of the king reached Granada.
During the siege of the fortress of Fraga, the king was wounded and soon died.