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Dating of coins

The table of conformity of figures

 digits
ArabianArabian digits
IranIran digits
BurmaBurma digits
BangladeshBangladesh digits
NepalNepal digits
ThailandThailand digits
LaosLaos digits
Japan and China apan and China digits
EthiopiaEthiopia digits

 

Dates in letters on Russian coins of the beginning of 18 century

СЗ - 1699     АΨГ - 1703    АΨЗ - 1707    АΨАI - 1711    АΨЕI - 1715    АΨΘI- 1719
АΨ - 1700 АΨД - 1704 АΨИ - 1708 АΨВI - 1712 АΨSI - 1716 АΨК - 1720
АΨА - 1701 АΨЕ - 1705 АΨΘ- 1709 АΨГI - 1713 АΨЗI - 1717 АΨКА - 1721
АΨВ - 1702 АΨS - 1706 АΨI - 1710 АΨДI - 1714 АΨИI - 1718 АΨКВ - 1722

 

Dating of Arabian coins more often on Muslim system - Hijra - from date of resettlement of the founder of Moslem doctrine from Mecca to Medina which has in 622 year, July, 16. Lunar year is shorter solar, therefore for translation of year Hijra the following formula is used: Y=H*0.97+621,6, where Y - year of a Christian calendar, H - year Hijra. In Afghanistan from 1932 (and also in 1920-1928) and in Iran from 1926 on coins solar year Hijra is underlined. Year of a Christian calendar: Y=H+ 622 (+ - 1). Coins of Ottoman empire has two dates - year of the introduction on a throne of the sultan (on lunar Hijra) and year of board. For definition of year of release of a coin it is necessary to combine both figures and then to translate the received date Hijra.

Dating of Indian coins. On the Indian coins of different provinces and princedoms there are dates of a Christian calendar, lunar Hijra, Samvat (the beginning - 57 year B.C.), Saka (the beginning - 78 year of our era), Malabar (the beginning - 824 year of our era) and a Buddhist calendar (the beginning 543 year B.C.). The Buddhist system meets also on old coins of Ceylon and Thailand.

Thailand. On the Thai coins there may be years Bangkok era (the beginning - 1782 of our era), and also years of era Chula Sakarat (the beginning - 639 year of our era). Years of era Chula Sakarat meet also on coins of Burma and Kampuchea.

Dating of Chinese coins. On the Chinese coins, up to an establishment of republic in 1911, years are specified mainly on cyclic system by two hieroglyphs. In this system consecutive years are united in cycles for 60 years in everyone. Each year inside a cycle has the hieroglyphic designation. To determine year of release of a coin, it is necessary to establish the period of its release on the hieroglyphs designating era. Sometimes on the Chinese coins years of this or that era, for example, 23-rd year Guanekoi that corresponds to 1898 of our era were specified. But more often on coins era that allows to define only the period of release of a coin is designated only. With 1911 for 1949 on the Chinese coins year of republic was put down. For example: 5-th year of republic that meets to 1916.

Dating of Korean coins. The Korean coins of different times are dated years of various systems where the account is conducted from 2333 B.C.., with 1394, 1896 and 1907 of our era.

Dating of Ethiopian coins. On the Ethiopian coins the letter designation of figures is accepted, for example: 1895 on the Ethiopian system it is designated so: 1) ten, 2) eighteen); 3) hundred (the three first letters mean 1800); 4) ninety; 5} five. To find out year of release of a coin, it is necessary to the figure specified on a coin to add 7 years and 6 months (1895 on the Ethiopian system corresponds 1903).


Dating of Japanese coins
. On the Japanese coins the era conterminous to the period is underlined boards of emperor and year of era. Thus, for definition of year of release of a coin by one year of the beginning of era it is necessary to add year of era.
More about dates on Japanese coins.